Basil, or albahaca in Italian, is an aromatic herb that is present in a variety of Italian dishes since it's such a valued element in many recipes. The herb is used frequently in Mediterranean cuisine and can be eaten either fresh or dried.
It can be found in the famous pesto sauce, which is made with this herb, olive oil, pine nuts and salt. It is also present in the well-known eggplant parmigiana and even in the famous pizza margarita.
Basil is native to tropical Asian regions such as India and Iran and its cultivation occurs in hot climates during late winter for seedbeds and mid-spring for greenhouses. Sunshine, and fertile, moist soil is essential for its growth.
There's is a very curious experiment taking place in Italy for underwater basil cultivation. The project consists of constructing greenhouses under the sea, 100 meters from the shore and 8 meters deep. Plastic hoods are used to guarantee moisture, thermal stability, and protection against pests, conditions that are necessary for a good crop.
The experiment has had such an impact that it is among the 20 most innovative proposals presented at the 2015 Universal Exhibition in Milan. This exhibition focused on the issue of food and worldwide resources as well as nutrition education, and the basil crop experiment could be a solution for arid coastal regions.
So what about you...what do you use basil for?